segunda-feira, 10 de março de 2014
Dia Internacional da Mulher / International Women's Day
El Cinismo Ilustrado
From top to bottom, left to right:
Rosalind Franklin, a British biophysicist and X-ray crystallographer who discovered the DNA double helix.
Marie Curie, a Polish physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity.
Chien Shiung-Wu, a Chinese American physicist with expertise in the techniques of experimental physics and radioactivity. She worked on the Manhattan Project and is known as the First Lady of Physics.
Émilie du Chátelet, a French mathematician, physicist, and author during the Age of Enlightenment. Her crowning achievement is considered to be her translation and commentary on Isaac Newton's work Principia Mathematica. The translation, published posthumously in 1759, is still considered the standard French translation.
Mae Jemison, an American physician and NASA astronaut. She became the first African American woman to travel in space when she went into orbit aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour on September 12, 1992.
Vera Rubin, an American astronomer who pioneered work on galaxy rotation rates. She uncovered the discrepancy between the predicted angular motion of galaxies and the observed motion, by studying galactic rotation curves. This phenomenon became known as the galaxy rotation problem.
Ada Lovelace, an English mathematician and writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include what is recognised as the first algorithm intended to be carried out by a machine. Because of this, she is often described as the world's first computer programmer.
Maria Sibylla Merian, a German-born naturalist and scientific illustrator. Because of her careful observations and documentation of the metamorphosis of the butterfly, she is considered among the most significant contributors to the field of entomology.
Lise Meitner, an Austrian and Swedish physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics. Meitner was part of the team that discovered nuclear fission, an achievement for which her colleague Otto Hahn was awarded the Nobel Prize.